This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. A bibliography is not usually necessary or relevant, unless you have been asked to produce one. phd thesis writing service quality and customer satisfaction in hotel industry master Both of these are important and need to be critically reviewed. You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one.
Keeping a record of your search strategy is useful, to prevent you duplicating effort by doing the same search twice, or missing out a significant and relevant sector of literature because you think you have already done that search. Personal tools Web Editor Log in. help to write an essay upsc in hindi Take our essay writing tour. With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill.
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If there is a key article or book that is of major importance to the development of your own research ideas, it is important to give extra space to describing and critiquing that piece of literature in more depth. Once you are part way through your reading you can have a go at writing the literature review, in anticipation of revising it later on. Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading:. You may even want to do both at once. It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature Wellington
You can add other questions of your own to focus the search, for example: That probably confirms that it was a good question to ask! There may be specific guidance on structure within your department, or you may need to devise your own.
Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. Searching electronic databases is probably the quickest way to access a lot of material. An important aspect of your thesis and your viva, is that you can show how your research fits with other research. A good, well-explained structure is also a huge help to the reader.
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This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text. Often hand searching of journals will reveal ideas about focus, research questions, methods, techniques, or interpretations that had not occurred to you. buying papers online xat It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence.
Check out whether there is an important reason why the research has not been done, which would make it sensible for you to choose a different focus. Sometimes even a key idea can be discovered in this way. doctoral dissertation supervisor These summaries then provide the outline of the story you are telling, and the way that you are telling it. That probably confirms that it was a good question to ask! The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing.
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Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. Personal tools Web Editor Log in. When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing. If you do decide to go ahead, then take extra care designing your research, in the absence of guidance from previous studies.
Wellington et al A bibliography is not usually necessary or relevant, unless you have been asked to produce one. These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with.
This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. In most disciplines, the aim is for the reader to reach the end of the literature review with a clear appreciation of what you are doing; why you are doing it; and how it fits in with other research in your field. Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: You can find the contact details for the Information Librarian for your own area via the Library web pages.